If gum disease is left to deteriorate, then it may be necessary to put into action some invasive treatment techniques. If your dentist deems that your condition is serious enough, or if they have tried other treatments and they have not worked, then they may opt to perform soft tissue grafts. This treatment helps to remove the infected gum tissue and stimulates the regeneration of healthy gum tissue. The process is invasive, can be painful, expensive and time consuming. If you can possibly avoid letting your condition get to the point where this procedure is necessary, you should do everything you can to treat the condition earlier on.
How It Works
During this procedure a piece of soft tissue is taken from the inside of the mouth and it is moved to another area. The tissue is generally placed around an area where the tooth root has been exposed due to infected tissue and receding gums. In many cases this soft tissue graft encourages the regeneration of gum tissue around the tooth and can offer a long term solution to the problem. It is important to note that this procedure may not be effective the first time it is performed and may require follow up grafts in order to get a satisfactory result. There are a couple of different options that the dentist has when performing this procedure:
- Connective tissue graft – during this treatment, the dentist cuts a flap into the roof of the mouth and reveals the soft tissue underneath. They will then harvest some of this tissue to be placed onto the exposed tooth root. The flap that has been removed from the roof of the mouth will grow back healthily.
- Gingival graft – during this procedure the tissue is taken from on the roof of the mouth instead of from soft tissue under the palate.
- Pedicle graft – this third option is when the soft tissue for the graft is taken from an area of the gum around a tooth that is not infected and which does not have receding gums.
The dentist will select the method that they believe will be most effective in relation to the extent of the condition along with your own personal health needs. By replacing the infected or receded gum with new soft tissue, the body can regenerate the gums and overcome the gum disease.