Gum disease, which is also known as periodontal disease, is an oral condition that is caused by a build up of bacteria and plaque at the root of the tooth. This condition has a pre-cursor called gingivitis, which involves swelling and redness of the gums and often some bleeding from the gums when brushing or flossing.
If gingivitis is left unchecked, it progresses to become gum disease. This is a more serious condition, which can have serious health consequences. Periodontal literally means “around the tooth”. Therefore gum and periodontal disease occur around the tooth at its base under the gum line.
Infection of the gum generally begins around the base of the tooth where there is bacteria lurking and plaque that grows weakening the teeth and gums and leading to redness, inflammation, bleeding and pain.
When the condition has advanced, the plaque begins to spread underneath the gum line. Toxins and infection can spread and irritate the gums. Teeth may start to become wobbly and loose since the gums are so diseased that they can no longer support the teeth effectively.
Even though gum disease is quite nasty and destructive, people can often let it progress without giving too much credence to the signs that all is not right with their teeth and gums. There are various kinds of gum disease, but the most common is periodontitis, which is the aggressive deterioration of the gum in people who are otherwise healthy.
In most other cases the people who suffer from gum disease actually have another underlying health condition that is causing the gum disease to occur. An example of this is diabetics who often develop gum disease due to higher levels of glucose in their saliva and compromised immune systems. People with heart or respiratory disease may also find they are susceptible to the condition.
Whatever the cause of your gum disease condition, you are able to prevent it becoming worse and hopefully overcome it altogether if you get serious about your oral hygiene routine. By brushing, flossing and using a mouth wash twice daily, you will notice a great improvement in your symptoms.