If you find that you have developed gum disease, which is also called periodontal disease, it is likely that your dentist will refer you to a specialist dentist known as a periodontist. This is a kind of dentist who can provide you with the sort of specialized treatments that are necessary to overcome the condition and protect the gums against future damage.
There are various treatments and procedures that may be offered to you. Which one the periodontist decides to provide you will depend largely on the extent of the condition that you present with. They will also help you to understand how to best treat the condition at home as a complement to the procedures that they do in the dental clinic.
Non-surgical options that may be performed by a periodontist include deep cleaning, which is when they flush out under the gum line to get rid of the bacteria that are lurking there and causing problems. This treatment usually lasts around half an hour, during which your mouth is numbed and they get to work. The treatment is not usually painful, but can be a little uncomfortable. Following the treatment your teeth may also be a little sensitive for a coupe of weeks.
After you have had a deep cleaning treatment, you have to be diligent about your home dental care in order to avoid having the condition continue to worsen. Making sure you are brushing, flossing and using a mouth wash a couple of times a day is essential.
If your gum disease has advanced further and there is a lot of infection, then the periodontist may need to use a surgical technique to remove the infected tissue. There are four different types of surgical procedures they can use – pocket reduction procedures, regenerative procedures, crown lengthening and soft tissue grafts.
Pocket reduction involves the specialist cleaning out the loose pockets around the teeth where gum disease is present and filling them. Regenerative procedures will focus on getting the bone tissue to regenerate. Crown lengthening and soft tissue grafts are other surgical procedures where they reattach gum tissue to restore health gum appearance.
Laser treatment is another option available that is able to reduce swelling and bleeding. If necessary the dentist may recommend dental implants to cover the damage caused by gum disease.