Gum disease is an oral health condition and it appears in two main stages – the initial phase, which is known as gingivitis and the advanced stage, which is called periodontitis. If you can catch the symptoms of gum disease in the initial stage, then treatment is reasonably straightforward. If you leave the condition to develop, then you may require surgical intervention and risk losing your teeth.
What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis involves swelling and irritation of the gums and it is staggeringly common. If you leave this mild condition to worsen, it will become periodontal disease. Gingivitis symptoms typically include swollen, red or irritated gums, bleeding gums when brushing or flossing and bad breath even after brushing teeth.
The Causes Of Gingivitis
Gingivitis is caused by having too much bacteria in the mouth. This build up of bacteria around the tooth base and gum line leads to a plaque build up. Plaque then becomes tartar, which attacks the gums and leads to infection. The main cause of gingivitis is poor dental hygiene, which leads to the growth of bacteria. You can prevent the bacteria causing gingivitis by brushing, flossing and rinsing at least twice daily.
Symptoms Of Gingivitis
The following are the classic signs of gingivitis to look out for. It is a good idea to look closely at your gums periodically to see if you can notice any of these symptoms. When looking at your gums also analyze their color and texture for signs of disease:
- Bleeding gums
- Gums appear a bright red or purple
- Gums are sensitive to the touch
- Oral sores
- Swollen and irritated gums
If you think you may have gingivitis, then you should visit a dentist as soon as you can. They will be able to diagnose the condition and get you started on a treatment plan. One of the most important things to do is to ensure that you are consistent with your oral hygiene routine. To reverse the condition the following steps are necessary:
- Brush twice daily using a recommended toothbrush and toothpaste – OraMD natural toothpaste is an excellent choice
- Rinse daily with an alcohol free mouth rinse. This gets rid of bacteria below the gum line and prevents dry mouth, which facilitates bacterial growth
- Floss your teeth at least twice a day before brushing