While gum disease does affect a large cross section of the adult population, it is not a normal part of life if you look after your oral health correctly. Around 85 per cent of adults do suffer from this condition, but you don’t have to join them. You can take steps to prevent the condition from ever taking hold in your gums if you understand about what causes the condition.

Gum Disease – Description and Characteristics

Gum disease is a condition that is also known as periodontal disease. It affects the healthy gum tissue and symptoms can be mild or severe. Bacteria are the main cause of this condition as it leads to a build up of plaque in the mouth. If plaque is left to fester under the gum line and around the root of the tooth, then this causes the gums to erode and teeth to become loose and eventually fall out. When plaque and tartar are covering the teeth, then the treatment generally becomes a little more intensive.

Gum disease can generally be divided into two stages – the first being gingivitis and the second being periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the initial stage and this is relatively easy to treat. The more advanced stage is periodontal disease, where you will require the assistance of your dentist in addition to a good home oral health routine to overcome the condition.

When you have gingivitis you may notice bad breath that does not go away even right after brushing and swelling or red gums and some bleeding when you brush your teeth.  When gingivitis is allowed to progress it deteriorates the gum health and becomes periodontal disease. When there is periodontal disease, there is some serious infection that may even end up affecting the bones.


In the early stages of gum disease, when you have gingivitis, the dentist will simply do a thorough deep clean of the teeth and gums to remove plaque and any tartar that is causing the problem. When you combine this treatment with a good home oral health routine, you should be able to restore your gum health. If the infection has spread then you may require tooth planing, flap surgery, laser therapy or gum grafting to help with the eradicating the infected tissue.

Best Method to Avoid Gum Disease

Adopting a good oral health care approach at home is the single best way for you to protect your teeth and gums from disease and decay. If you look after them by brushing carefully at least twice a day, then you will experience good oral health long into the future. You can also use additional products such as OraMD to assist with killing the bacteria that causes gum disease.


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