It is simple for your dentist to diagnose gum disease and periodontal disease – they see it all the time as it is a surprisingly common condition. In the initial stages, the disease is known as gingivitis and it is invisible to the human eye. Due to this fact, it often goes undetected for years causing damage to the gums and tooth enamel. This is one of the reasons that it is so important that you visit your dentist regularly for check ups.
The part that you play in preventing the condition from developing in the first place and detecting it early on if you do develop it is – following a consistent dental routine at home and knowing what the symptoms are so that you can spot it before it has advanced.
One of the most obvious signs is bleeding gums when you brush or floss your teeth. Often you can also notice red or swollen sections of the gums. Bad breath that is difficult to get rid of, even with frequent tooth brushing, is another key symptom of gum disease and a hint that it is time to visit the dentist.
A more serious sign of the condition is loose teeth. This happens when the gums are becoming seriously weakened by the condition and can no longer support the teeth effectively. A specialist dentist is able to determine the degree of damage that has been done and can recommend the best treatment plan to reverse the damage.
If the condition of the gums and the extent of the disease is not too serious, then treatment may be as simple as stepping up your dental hygiene at home with regular brushing, flossing and using a mouth rinse.
There are also some natural items that you can include in your diet to improve your gum health. Foods that are high in antioxidants can assist with relieving symptoms of the condition. Some of the useful foodstuffs may be – green tea, peppermint and cranberry juice. Tea tree is another natural substance that may be able to assist with gum health, but this is to be used topically on the gums rather than being consumed.
More serious symptoms may require more drastic treatment. Advanced gum disease may require surgical procedures to get rid of the diseased gum tissue and bacteria. Surgical treatments may include flap surgery, which pulls back the gums and removes the plaque hiding around the base of the tooth. Laser therapy is a recent technique that can also be very effective at getting rid of the gum disease.